Vasectomy is an outpatient procedure for male sterilization and/or permanent birth control. During this process, the male’s vas deferens (the tube that allows sperm to travel from the testicles to the penis) are severed and then tied/sealed to prevent sperm from mixing with the ejaculated semen, preventing fertilization from occurring. The vas deferens are placed back inside the scrotum and testicles continue to produce sperm, but they are reabsorbed by the body.
Typically, vasectomies are performed in a physician's office and anesthesia is not normally required. The procedure is uncomplicated with small incisions and only last for about 20-30 minutes. There are several methods used to complete a vasectomy, all of which block at least one side of each vas deferens.
However, if the the vas deferens are challenging, conscious sedation may be required and the procedure will take place in a surgical center. During your consultation, the physician will let you know whether the procedure will need to be performed under anesthesia.
Following a short recovery at the doctor's office (usually less than an hour), the patient can go home and may resume typical sexual behavior within a week with little or no discomfort.